Shoreline Staten Island ECOlogical

The Goal

After Hurricane Sandy hit New York in 2012, a federal competition, Rebuild by Design, was launched to prepare the city for tomorrow’s challenges. The Living Breakwaters project proposes a series of eight detached breakwaters that will reduce risk, restore ecosystems, and connect the public to nature.

Shoreline Staten Island ECOlogical (1)

The Challenge

The south shore of Staten Island, and in particular Tottenville, were one of the hardest hit areas of Hurricane Sandy. High exposure to wave action, dredging, and oyster reef over harvesting have left the shoreline vulnerable to erosion and flooding. The Living Breakwaters project, led by SCAPE Landscape Architects studios, needed technology that contributes to the structures’ functionality and creates ecological value.

How we built it

Econcrete Unit Placement (595 × 370 px)
Econcrete Unit Placement (595 × 370 px)2

A design and engineering team led by SCAPE Landscape Architects planned and implemented ecologically enhanced breakwaters to protect the Tottenville shoreline in Staten Island. Following nearly a decade of planning and permitting, 8 breakwaters are under construction. 600 ECOncrete Armor Blocks and 800 Tide Pools were integrated into the project design to provide ecological enhancement to support local species. The technology helps build up local marine life, supporting the food chain for top predators like seals, and mitigate climate change by storing carbon in calcitic organisms like oysters.


Visit the project website for more information: Living Breakwaters Project Background and Design | Governor’s Office of Storm Recovery (GOSR) (


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